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We searched books, Internet sites, blogs, and newspapers to find the information blurbs accompanying each typewriter brand and model in our collection. Where significant or unique information was provided, we acknowledged the source directly in the blurb. Below you will find a comprehensive list of sources for all factoids. A hearty thank you goes out to all these individuals and organizations who spent time researching and posting information to share with the public.

If you would like to know where we found a specific piece of information, please contact us.

Adams, M. [Blog]. Retrieved from

Adler, M., (1997). Antique Typewriters From Creed to QWERTY. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.

Ancestry. (2019). Retrieved from

Artclocknl. (2012-2019). Artclocknl. Retrieved from

Auctions Online USA Ltd. (2007-2019). CW: Collector's Weekly. Retrieved from

Best, E. M. (ed.) (1923, October). Typewriter Topics, the International Office Equipment Magazine (Vol. 55, No. 2). New York, NY: Business Equipment Publishing Company.

Betzwieser, A. Kleine Ausstellung "Historische Bürotechnik" [Blog]. Retrieved from

Betzwieser, A. (n. d.). Schreibmaschinen (Typewriters). Retrieved from

Bodemer, N. (Various). Bodemer Typewriter Collection. Retrieved from

Casillo, A. (2017). Typewriters: Iconic Machines from the Golden Age of Mechanical Writing. San Francisco: Chronicle Books.

Davis, W. Davis Typewriter Works [Blog]. Retrieved from

Davis, W. (n. d.). Typewriters by Will Davis. Retrieved from

ETCetera, the newsletter of the Early Typewriter Collectors' Association, Retrieved from

Europeana. (n. d.). Europeana Collections. Retrieved from

Finnish Business School Foundation (Suomen Liikemiesten Kauppaopiston Säätiö). (2017). Typewriter Museum. Retrieved from

Fudacz, G. (n. d.). The Antikey Chop. Retrieved from

Google. (n. d.). Google Patents. Retrieved from

Hossfield, G. L. (1958). The History of the Typewriter. New York, NY: Underwood Corporation.

Internationales Forum Historische Burowelt e. V. (n. d.). I.F.H.B. Retrieved from

Keereo.Com. (n.d.). Keereo.Com. Retrieved from

Messenger, R. ozTypewriter: The Wonderful World of Typewriters [Blog]. Retrieved from

Metropolitan Museum of Art, The. (2000-2019). The Met. Retrieved from

Milton, R. (2003-2016). Portable Typewriters. Retrieved from

Miscellaneous Advertisements

Morton, J. (2018). The Oliver Typewriter. Retrieved from

Munk, T. (2019). The Typewriter Database. Retrieved from

Music Printing History. (2019). Music Printing History. Retrieved from

Oden, C. V. (1917). Evolution of the Typewriter. The Library of Congress.

Oliver, M. & Oliver, R. (1998-2019). Antique Clocks Guy. Retrieved from

Polt, R. (1995-2019). The Classic Typewriter Page. Retrieved from

Popular Mechanics magazine

Popular Science Monthly magazine

Robert, P. (2001-2016). The Virtual Typewriter Museum. Retrieved from

Rompuy, W. V. & Perard, G. (n. d.). Typewriter.BE Retrieved from

Russo, T. A. (2002). Mechanical Typewriters: Their History, Value, and Legacy. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd.

Sears, Roebuck, & Co. (1896-1993). Sears Roebuck Catalogs (Vols. 102-228 K.). Chicago, Illinois: Sears, Roebuck and Co. 

Smithsonian, National Museum of American History. (n. d.). Retrieved from

Sommeregger, G. Schreibmaschinen [Blog]. Retrieved from

Stamford Historical Society Inc., The. (2019). The Stamford Historical Society Inc. Retrieved from

Steve Perry Creative. (2011, October 30). The Triumph Bicycle Museum. Retrieved from

Trade Catalogs Courtesy of the Smithsonian Libraries Trade Literature Collection

Unknown. (n. d.). All Things Typewriter. Retrieved from

Various. (various). Trade Literature from the Typewriter Gazette Collection. Retrieved from

Various. (n. d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved from

Wyckoff, Seamans, & Benedict. (c. 1900). The Remington Standard Typewriter. New York, NY: Wyckoff, Seamans, & Benedict. Retrieved from

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